Amazing application for android and iphones

Written By: Guest Contributor - Oct• 31•14

Instantly share photos across multiple smart devices (iPhone, Android, iPad, tablets, etc.) with the swipe of a finger. The exclusive FotoSwipe technology allows you to select up to 10 photos, swipe them toward an intended device and you’re done! Never text or email photos again. Download for FREE right now.

FotoSwipe

FotoSwipe

Find it on google play on the following link:

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.fotoswipe.android

watch this video on YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uvTNSUUN4r0

Technology is Making Seniors’ Lives Easier

Written By: Guest Contributor - Jul• 17•14

Seniors Technology Mobile Most senior citizens in the U.S. are already cell-phone-and-computer-savvy; nearly 80 percent of seniors 65 and older own a cell phone, while more than 60 percent own a computer or laptop. However, the use of other tech gadgets (i.e. smartphones and tablets) have yet to catch on in the “gray market,” as no more than 25 percent of U.S. seniors use either device.

With 10,000 Americans turning 65 daily—a trend expected to last for the next 17 years—the number of seniors using more tech devices should increase, as well. This bodes well for seniors, their families and friends and the digital market. For seniors not yet plugged in, making the transition from analog to digital is becoming simpler and is more practical now that tech and digital development experts are catering more to the needs of the boomer generation. Below are just a few ways that technology is benefiting seniors.

Apps for Everyday Use

There are other helpful apps, as well. One app—EyeReader—actually allows a person to use his or her smartphone as a magnifying glass for reading. Park’n'Forget is an app even younger generations might find useful, as it helps users remember where they parked their cars. It also has a timer on it to keep track of how long you’ve been parked, which is helpful when you’re in metered parking.

Apps for Safety

Start-up company Lively is a remote monitoring system for seniors that learns daily routines like taking pills, sticking to meal times and exercise. The sensors connect to a smartphone app, so family members can keep track of their loved one without compromising his or her privacy. Certain sensors are attached to items in the house, like pill boxes, the pantry or refrigerator and can even keep track of a user through a key fob that uses a Bluetooth low energy transmitter, in case one wanders past a certain range from home. Through the app on family members’ smartphones, they are alerted and updated on progress and activities.

What keeps seniors more independent is the ability to be mobile without their loved ones worrying about them falling or getting into an accident without them knowing. Devices like the GreatCall Splash are new, mobile-esque gadgets that allow a senior the freedom of leaving their home to shop or visit friends without worrying there could be an emergency and no way to call for help. While other press-a-button alert devices are still useful for the home, this device provides seniors security beyond their houses, giving them the ability to travel with only a button-click away from getting assistance from a 5Star Agent with the GreatCall Splash plan.

Support is Always Available, Just In Case

For many seniors, new technology can be so overwhelming that some people avoid it all together. In order for seniors to become more tech-savvy, new age companies have not only made devices more user-friendly, but many are offering easy “how-to” sites for seniors to help them learn new tech with step-by-step processes.

For example, the FaceTime app is a wonderful way for seniors to see and talk to faraway relatives through smartphones and iPads. How to even get to that app can be somewhat frustrating for some seniors. Dummies.com is really just a site that makes things simple for users. For instance, it has step-by-step directions for helping new users FaceTime using an iPad 2.

One reason many seniors avoid using technology is that, unaware of the options for protecting personal information and financial data, many of them are susceptible to identity theft. Big wireless corporations like Google, Apple and Samsung, as well as the four national service carriers have started a campaign to push the importance of data security for devices—with seniors specifically in mind. Lawmakers are lobbying for local and state governments to make “kill switches” mandatory on phones. The campaign is seeking laws where all phones manufactured in the U.S. after July 2015 be equipped with anti-theft features that include data wipe and lock capabilities, which can be reversed with the user’s password.

16 Helpful Apps for Seniors

Written By: Guest Contributor - Dec• 10•13

Have you started your holiday shopping? Gifts should be practical and thoughtful because you want the person receiving the gift to know you spent time thinking about what to get them. If you are having a difficult time thinking of the perfect gift, then look no further. Here are 16 helpful apps (just for seniors), which will make their lives a whole lot easier.

17 Helpful Apps for Seniors

These apps are broken down into a few different categories, ranging from health to entertainment. Some of the apps are for iPhones and some are for iPads, so note which ones you’re buying beforehand.

5 Health Apps 

These apps might be the most important ones around to download, since they can possibly help save a life.

HeartWise Blood Pressure Tracker

 

iPhone — $0.99

iPad — $2.99

Easily record your blood pressure, your resting heart rate and your weight, and you’ll be able to track it on a daily basis and over time.

Helpful Senior Apps - Heartwise

Instant Heart Rate (iPhone) – FREE

This app uses your iPhone’s camera to detect your pulse from your fingertip, which is similar to what pulse oximeters already use.

Pillboxie (iPad and iPhone) – $0.99

Remembering you have to take your medication is important – but just as important is remembering, which medications you have to take at which times. You can even customize your meds with different combinations of med types and colors.

Helpful Senior Apps - Pillboxie

WebMD

iPhone – Free

iPad — Free

Use WebMD’s Symptom Checker to help what your potential issues might be, and this app can also work as a handy guide for medical emergencies.

Helpful Senior Apps - WebMD

My Medical for iPad

iPhone – $3.99

iPad — $3.99

Keep all of your family’s medical information and medical history in one spot, for quick access. Track blood tests and X-rays, and have the ability to back the information up to your computer, too.

4 Helping Hands Apps

Here’s a handful of apps that should make life a little easier.

EyeReader (iPhone) – $1.99

Hold your iPhone over a book or some paperwork, and your phone turns into a magnifying glass, with a light to help brighten the text.

EyeReader - Helpful Senior Apps

BigNames (iPhone) – $1.99

Browse through the names and numbers in your contact list much easier, with large, high-contrast text that helps those with some issues with small text.

Silver Surf (iPad) – FREE

Blows up the navigation buttons and makes it easier for older users with less dexterity in their fingers than most people. It also has an Interactive Text Zoom slider that enlarges text up to 200 percent.

Park’n'Forget (iPhone)  - $0.99   

Never forget where you parked your car again! Input what floor you’re on and what aisle or spot, and you’ll never roam the parking garage again. It also has a convenient “Parking Meter” timer, that alerts you when you’re parking meter is about to expire.

Helpful Senior Apps - Park-n-Forget

 

4 Free Entertainment Apps

The iPhone and iPad are practical, no doubt, but there also should be some play time involved, too!

Clevermind (iPad) – Free

This is a great app to help people dealing with cognitive impairments that come with problems associated with Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia. From quizzes and games, to big buttons, voice command controls and a calendar interface.

Lumosity (iPhone) – Free

Keep your mind sharp with some of the best mind games around, designed by neuroscientists working to enhance memory, attention and other skills.

Helpful Senior Apps - Lumonisty

Yesterday USA (iPhone and iPad) – Free

Great Internet radio app that broadcasts “old-time radio shows” all day, every day. Harken back to yesteryear with the help of today’s technology.

Pandora (iPad and iPhone) – Free

By typing in any artist, band or song, users will be able to listen to thousands of songs in that same genre. Then they can upvote or downvote each song, which helps Pandora fine-tune which songs you prefer to hear for each channel.

3 Free News & Social Apps

These apps will help keep everyone updated on things they need to know, like what’s happening in the world out there, and what’s happening with your friends and family.

FlipBoard

iPhone – Free

iPad — Free

This is the greatest invention since the invention of social media! Connect this app with all of your social media accounts, and connect it with some of the best news and content sites that interest you. Then watch it turn everything into a digital magazine, in which you “flip” the pages and see everything set up like a magazine, including Facebook posts and tweets.

Helpful Senior Apps - Flipboard

The Weather Channel (iPhone) — Free

Get the weather report for whichever city you need right now, or every hour, or see what it’s going to look like over the weekend, or over the next 10 days.

Skype

iPhone – Free

iPad — Free

What’s better than just talking with your friends and family over the phone? How about talking to them – and seeing them — on a video conference!?! You will never be surprised by how much your grandchildren have changed again!

Helpful Senior Apps - Skype

 

Hopefully, you found several apps that you found both interesting and entertaining. But most of all, we hope you found some helpful apps for seniors that make things easier in 2014. 

About the Author:

David Gonos is the Digital Content Manager at DigitalLanding.com. The company helps users learn about the latest in TV, Internet and phone services. The Digital Landing Deals page tracks down the best offers on digital services in your area.

Seniors (high school) vs. Seniors (You)

Written By: Guest Contributor - Nov• 11•13

We found this wildly entertaining trivia challenge on Buzzfeed and thought you’d enjoy it just as much as we did.

Meet the high school seniors

anigif_enhanced-buzz-17848-1383602800-13

(Remember when you were their age? You thought you knew everything…)

And now, meet the senior citizens

anigif_enhanced-buzz-540-1383603008-31

(Too legit to quit! The real deal.)

Click here to find out who won the head-to-head competition!

Just another reason why seniors rock! Thanks Buzzfeed!

4 Ways to Back up Your Photos

Written By: Guest Contributor - Oct• 24•13

backup-options

How many photos have you taken in your life? Hundreds? Thousands? Some are probably torn and faded, stacked in a drawer. Others may not have ever made it to paper form and are taking up important space on your camera’s memory card.

The good news – you can easily free up space on your camera. You can transfer the pictures to your computer and then back them up so they won’t ever go missing.

The first step

Before you try any of these methods, transfer the photos from your digital camera (or smartphone if you’re tech-savvy) to your computer. Your camera should come with a USB cable that can connect it to the computer. After the connection, copy each photo into the “My Pictures” folder on your computer.

But what happens if your computer crashes? That’s where these four tips come in handy. You just need to do one – so pick whatever’s easiest for you.

1. USB flash drive

Head over to Walmart, Staples or any office supply store to pick up a USB flash drive. Nowadays, these little gadgets contain large amounts of storage space at a very affordable price – many under ten bucks!

Simply plug the flash drive into your computer and transfer your photos. This can be done the same way as the transfer to your computer from your digital camera – simply copy from the folder “My Pictures”, and paste into “Removable Disk” (i.e. your flash drive).

2. Social media

Are you on social media? Senior citizens are one of the fastest growing demographics on Facebook. Putting pictures on Facebook is not only a great way to share content with your family and friends, but it’s another method of backing up your pictures.

Easily post your photos on Facebook (or check out other websites, like Flickr), so that you can get to your images whenever you log in. By posting photos on the Internet, you’ll create a permanent backup.

3. E-mail

Shoot a few e-mails to yourself to back up your pictures. Simply attach the images and send to an e-mail address you plan on having forever.

Beware that many e-mail accounts limit the amount of data you can send – so send just a handful of pictures at a time. Stick all the messages in a folder and you’ll always have access to the images.

4. Cloud

Have you ever heard of “the cloud”? It’s a new tech term, so to put it simply – the cloud is a network of servers that allows you to do tasks, such as e-mail and store files, from any device with Internet connection (not just the bulky desktop at home).

So choose a cloud service, such as Dropbox, to store your pictures. Then, if your computer crashes or you want to look at the images from another location, they’ll be available to you!

Don’t wait to lose your pictures

Many people make the mistake of backing up their images after they were lost unexpectedly. Either they misplaced their camera, their computer crashed or another unforeseen misfortune occurred.

Don’t wait – back up your images now. Then, be sure to regularly back up your images so that you’ll always be able to look at them.

 

Alexis Caffrey is a freelance writer with a focus on technology, new media, and design (who has saved many photos in her lifetime!). In a former life she was a graphic designer based out of New York, NY. You can reach Alex via her email.

At 82, Joe D’Alexander is seniors’ guide to the digital world (Sacramento Bee)

Written By: Guest Contributor - Oct• 15•13

Sacramento Bee

Navigating through a crowded classroom, his voice resonates through speakers for those hard of hearing like a beacon guiding ships through the darkness.

With patience and humor, Joe D’Alexander, 82, teaches basic computer skills to a silver-haired audience eager to bridge the digital divide. After the death of his wife 16 years ago, he looked for a way to keep busy and began volunteering at SeniorNet, an international nonprofit aimed at helping older adults transition to the digital world.

With a background in computers, he quickly became an instructor and the site coordinator. For a $30 fee, adults 50 and older can take a six-session course on computer fundamentals. Those wanting to continue can take a course on using the Internet or $5 workshops on topics like buying and selling on eBay, making greeting cards and using a digital camera.

Click here to read full Sacramento Bee article written by Lezlie Sterling.

10 Pieces of Technology Seniors Should Embrace

Written By: Guest Contributor - Sep• 17•13

technology

By Sarah Stevensen, aplaceformom.com 

Forget learning how to program the VCR—the technology seniors have their eyes on today includes mobile gadgets, wireless connectivity and digital devices.

Is Grandma going gadget-crazy? Not quite yet. Yes, the number of older adults using the internet and related tech devices is increasing, with over half of seniors using the internet and owning cellphones, according to a 2012 survey by Pew Research. But there’s still a long way to go before we can consider our senior citizens to be fully tech savvy. The fact is, today’s technology can keep seniors engaged, connected, mentally active, and physically safe, making it increasingly important for our loved ones to keep in the high-tech loop. So what devices should seniors and their caregivers have their eye on?

Must-Have Technology for Seniors

  • Tablets and iPads. From games that promote brain fitness to apps that track health information, a tablet can have a variety of positive impacts on seniors’ lives. Seniors can view photos, listen to music, read, learn languages—plus the devices are lightweight, their touch screens are easy to use, and font sizes can be adjusted for easier reading.
  • Hearing aids. Having to wear a bulky listening device is no longer an excuse for older adults to go without hearing aids. The continuing miniaturization of devices and the improvement of wireless transmission methods like Bluetooth has meant great strides in hearing assistive technology. Hearing aids can be tiny, transparent, and nearly invisible—or even implanted inside the ear itself.
  • Video and computer games. Whether it’s World of Warcraft, Angry Birds, or the Nintendo Wii, video games have been shown to improve cognition, mental agility, and even physical health for seniors, with devices such as the Wii Fit. Not only that, video games can promote social interaction.
  • Skype. Speaking of social interaction, one piece of software every senior should get familiar with is Skype. Communicating with family long-distance is a snap, you can view your loved ones in real time, and it’s available for smartphones, tablets, and regular computers.
  • Health tracking software. If your senior loved one has a computer or a mobile device, they should be aware of the wealth of software and apps available to help monitor their health, remind them of medications, and even track their nutritional needs, empowering them to take charge of their own wellness. It’s a branch of technology that’s invaluable for caregivers, too.
  • Wireless internet. Most of the technologies on this list wouldn’t be possible without wireless internet. If you want your senior parent to take full advantage of these devices, make sure their residence is internet-ready. Even nursing homes are using wireless internet technology to make it easier for residents and care providers to communicate quickly.
  • Smartphones. Cell phones are becoming more senior-friendly, with models that have larger buttons and readouts, as well as photo speed dialing and voice recognition to make usage easier. Not only are cell phones crucial to helping seniors stay connected with friends and family, they may also help perform critical safety functions like providing medication reminders and GPS locations.
  • Wireless home monitoring. Home monitoring systems that employ sensor devices can be, literally, lifesavers for those seniors who live alone, either at home or in assisted living. They can detect emergencies such as falls, report unusual behavior, and even track vital signs—without intruding on privacy.
  • GPS. If you’ve got a senior loved one who is concerned about getting lost, or who has dementia and occasionally wanders, GPS technology can immediately alert caregivers to their location if they leave their comfort zone. There are separate GPS trackers that attach to the wrist or clothing, as well as smartphone GPS apps.
  • Home assistive devices. Assistive technology in the home can go far in helping seniors remain independent—and safe. Besides home monitoring and GPS, there are devices such as LED lighting, medication dispensing appliances, photo-enhanced phone dialers, and stove shut-off systems, all of which can help seniors with mild cognitive and motor impairment.

Which piece of technology has been the most critical for you and your senior loved ones? Do you think high-tech devices are necessary or is it an added financial burden? Join the discussion here.

About the Author: Sarah J. Stevenson is a writer, artist, editor and graphic designer living in Northern California. Her visual art has been exhibited around California, and her writing has appeared in a variety of web sites and print publications. In addition to writing about older adults, she also writes for younger ones–her first novel for young adults, THE LATTE REBELLION, was published in 2011 by Flux. For more information, please visit: http://www.sarahjamilastevenson.com

SeniorNet helps over-50 adults learn tech (Newsday)

Written By: Guest Contributor - Jun• 26•13
Photo credit: Steve Pfost. Volunteer Diane Asser assists Zinna Etmon, of Central Islip, with her computer during the Advanced Google class hosted by SeniorNet at the Huntington Family Service Center in Huntington.

Photo credit: Steve Pfost. Volunteer Diane Asser assists Zinna Etmon, of Central Islip, with her computer during the Advanced Google class hosted by SeniorNet at the Huntington Family Service Center in Huntington.

By ERIN GEISMAR, Special to Newsday

Reboot Camp

In a small, boxy classroom, 13 students split up into two groups, each of which is huddled around a laptop at opposite ends of the space in Huntington. Instructor Jeri Usbay, who was teaching a class on using the social networking site Facebook, asked for their patience as she fiddled with the settings of one laptop. Suddenly, a xylophone-like melody filled the room. After the group on the other side of the room hit a button on their screen that said “answer call,” the students broke into smiles as they saw their counterparts through the screen. For many in the group of over-50 adults in the room, it was their first experience with video chatting. One man moved his face closer to the screen and waved at it, commenting that he could use it to talk to his granddaughter.

Usbay, 59, said moments like those are one of the reasons she loves teaching seniors how to use Facebook. “The smiles I see when someone discovers an old friend or finds new pictures of grandchildren is priceless,” she said.

Usbay’s Facebook classes are just one set of options for students at SeniorNet, a national nonprofit with a branch run in the Family Service League building in Huntington. The organization also offers classes in computer basics, word processing, photo editing, MicrosoftExcel and more. To participate, seniors pay $40 a year to become members and $10 per course, each of which typically meets once a week for four to eight weeks.

SeniorNet also offers free seminars at libraries in BabylonGreenlawnHauppaugeHolbrookand Northport, and brings its mobile learning center to Paumanok Village affordable senior housing in Greenlawn and the Northport VA Medical Center.

Teaching the courses is a dedicated group of volunteers: instructors who lead the classes and coaches who sit in on each class to help students who might fall behind. Behind the scenes are others: an executive committee that includes directors Slava Vero and Bill Baker, plus other volunteers who keep the books, schedule the classes, register participants and help publicize the organization. “Everyone here is a volunteer, so everyone wants to be here,” said Vero, 79, of Northport. “We are like a family.”

Learning about computers

In March 1999, a group of volunteers at the Family Service League identified the need for technology education for seniors. Through research, they discovered SeniorNet and decided to sponsor a branch. Vero and 39 other volunteers got the organization off the ground and opened the SeniorNet classroom that August.

At the time, society was quickly coming to rely on computers, Vero said. Participants were eager to learn the basics, including how to turn on the device. “In the ’90s, people would be so excited about email because they could email their children,” Vero added. The organization has evolved with the times. Basic classes are still offered, but the course selection has grown to include not only Facebook but lessons in using Skype and digital cameras.

SeniorNet is still entirely run by volunteers, which now total more than 140, including high school students in the summer. Classes for SeniorNet members are offered at the Huntington classroom, and the organization also runs a remote learning program with technology that allows instructors to access students’ computers from home, and also teaches classes at an East Yaphank annex.

There is another SeniorNet operation based in Hempstead that is part of the national organization but is not affiliated with the Family Service League.

SeniorNet at Family Service League has received support from Suffolk County and the Town of Huntington and has been awarded numerous national grants. Through a joint venture with National Grid Foundation, SeniorNet volunteers also refurbish computers to distribute to the needy. Over the years, the support has enabled SeniorNet to teach about 11,000 students in its classroom alone. “Our mission is to teach seniors computer skills and bring them into the 21st century,” Vero said. “Our world is no longer you write a letter or a note; you have to know these things.”

Helps with healing

Nina Saporito, 64, of Huntington, thinks it was divine intervention that brought her and SeniorNet together in 2007. She received the group’s brochure in the mail shortly after her husband had died unexpectedly from a heart attack. Though she was still grieving, Saporito thought it would be good to get out, so she signed up for four courses at once, bringing her to the center four days a week for the next eight weeks.

After completing courses in word processing, graphics, Internet and Excel, Saporito decided to become a coach and eventually advanced to become an instructor, teaching Basic Introduction to Computers 1. She also attends trade shows to spread information about SeniorNet.

As a student, Saporito said she was able to learn the skills necessary to move on with her life as a widow. Her husband, Eugene, who owned a data processing company and a rental business, had handled the bills and kept the files. After SeniorNet, Saporito was able to maintain the rental business on her own; she sold the data processing company.

On a personal level, the SeniorNet network and the feeling of accomplishment she felt as she became an instructor helped lift her out of her grief, she said. “It’s very good for my self-esteem,” Saporito said. “When you’re dealing with grief and everything else around you stops, you do kind of feel a little bit useless. It gave me a venue to stay in the outside world rather than secluding myself, and it was a wonderful, wonderful venue for me.”

Satisfaction in teaching

Usbay, of Huntington, started volunteering for SeniorNet about three years ago after retiring from a 25-year career in the IT business. When she discovered SeniorNet, she said she felt like she was coming back home. “Technology is there to enrich your life and make your life better,” Usbay said. “But it really confuses a lot of people. I get a lot of satisfaction out of showing people how to use new technology or Facebook, just to make their lives a little better.”

Technology gave Jim Brick a new lease on life.

The Huntington resident had a stroke in 2004 that left his right side paralyzed. The former theater professor, flutist, actor, poet, sculptor and printmaker had never thought much of computers, but suddenly, with half of his body “like wood,” he said he found himself capable of engaging in few of the things he used to enjoy.

A couple of years into a slow recovery, Brick, 67, became acquainted with SeniorNet volunteer Mike Early. Through the group, Early was able to get Brick a refurbished computer and began teaching him some computer basics. Eventually, Brick signed up for SeniorNet’s remote learning program, through which he has been able to advance his computer skills without leaving his home. He compared learning the language of computers with traveling to a place where English is not spoken. “Being able to navigate through that land, it’s that critical,” he said. “I had no knowledge to any of the things which now are central to the way we live.” He now uses the computer for personal research, email and to listen to hard-to-find Indian music, his favorite. He said SeniorNet has drastically changed his quality of life. “I can’t tell you what kind of relief it was to have something to concentrate on besides a book,” Brick said.

After years of therapy, he has slowly recovered some use of his right side but still uses a wheelchair to get around. “I have a second language that I now can speak,” he added. “The fact that SeniorNet exists and that it continues to expand is great.”

Sign me up

Volunteers are needed in the Huntington and East Yaphank centers to serve as coaches and teachers, offer technical support and to work on various committees. A volunteer application and job descriptions can be found at seniornetli.org.

Contact: SeniorNet at Family Service League, 631-427-3700 ext. 268 or ext. 235.

 

VIDEO: SeniorNet teaches computer skills to seniors

Written By: Kim Hong - Jun• 17•13

“SeniorNet offers a broad curriculum with courses serving absolute beginners, sophisticated users, and everyone in between.” – Michael Fairchild.

Are you interested in learning more about SeniorNet and how it enriches people’s lives every day? Click on the video below to find out what SeniorNet- Long Island is doing, and what students are saying about the courses!

4 Ways Older Adults Who Can’t Drive Can Catch a Ride

Written By: Guest Contributor - May• 06•13
Misty Franklin (right), a driver with SilverRide, picks up client Agnes Dunn at her home in San Francisco. — Winni Wintermeyer

Misty Franklin (right), a driver with SilverRide, picks up client Agnes Dunn at her home in San Francisco. — Winni Wintermeyer

Source: AARP Bulletin

Need a ride?

More than 20 percent of Americans age 65 and older don’t drive, according to an analysis of the federal government’s National Household Travel Survey by AARP’s Public Policy Institute.

Soon, even more people will be clamoring for rides as the country’s 78 million boomers, now ages 49 to 67, shed their car keys. (And men typically outlive their driving days by seven years; women outlive theirs by 10.)

According to Transportation for America, an advocacy coalition, by 2015 more than 15.5 million Americans 65-plus will live in areas where public transportation service is poor or nonexistent.

Getting older nondrivers where they need to go could become a national conundrum.

Some communities and organizations are pursuing local solutions. For instance, the trailblazing nonprofit Independent Transportation Network, launched in Maine in 1995, transports people by using a combination of paid and volunteer drivers. Now serving 27 localities, it provided its 500,000th ride last December. Other nonprofits, for-profit companies and municipal and county agencies — often working together — are scrambling to fill the transportation demand.

To read about the four innovative initiatives around the country that are getting nondrivers where they need to be, click here to read the full AARP article.